|Title||:||The Logic of God Incarnate|
|Number of Pages||:||222 Pages|
|Status||:||Available For Download|
|Last checked||:||21 Minutes ago!|
The Logic of God Incarnate Reviews
2017: Having read this a second time, my opinion remains the same. It’s a great book that should be mandatory reading for any Christian interested in formulating their understanding of the Incarnation. Merry Christmas!2016: This is a fantastic, thought provoking book that I will definitely read again. As promised in the synopsis, Morris does a great job parsing out the key metaphysical distinctions for retaining the coherency of the orthodox claim that God the Son is identical to Jesus of Nazareth. The key takeaways: (i) common properties are not necessarily essential properties and (ii) merely human and fully human are not the same thing.For much of the book, I was skeptical of his proposed "two-minds" model. The terminology is terrible because it sounds exactly like he is promoting Nestorianism. Well, he isn't and while I'm a little hesitant to fully endorse it, it does seem like a coherent and plausible model. I was especially persuaded by his argument concerning the possibility of multiple incarnations. It was difficult for me to get my head around some of the concepts because of my layman knowledge of metaphysics. Nevertheless, the salient points are well communicated and I definitely recommend this book if you are interested in sophisticated defenses of Chalcedonian Christology. Rating: 4.6
This is an incredible primer in analytic theology. Not the first intro text to be sure (that would be McCall), but indispensable nonetheless.Does the claim “Jesus is God the Son” introduce incoherence into the Incarnation? Morris says no, provided that we properly understand what is meant by key philosophical terms. His argument trades on a number of similar philosophical tools: what is a concept? What is a natural-kind? Does fully-human = merely-human? Modern theologians who reject the Incarnation rarely examine these issues.According to Morris (Morris 21ff), we hold to the proposition(C) Jesus is God the Sonnot(C’) Jesus is GodModern critics of the Incarnation say that humanity and divinity are contraries, so one subject cannot exemplify both. The heart of Morris’s book is that these are not contraries and Jesus does, in fact, exemplify both the properties of humanity and the properties of divinity.Some of the difficulty comes with the undefined useage of the term ‘nature.’ Critics of the Incarnation think that the properties in human nature and in divinity are logical complements, thus precluding any bearer to exemplify both. Morris argues this isn’t necessarily the case. We aren’t saying that Jesus held to two undefined natures, but rather two natural kinds, or kind-nature. Natural kind: a shareable set of properties (39ff). Jesus had all the kind-essential properties of both humanity and divinity (40). It’s not clear where the contradiction, if any, is.So far Morris has cleared orthodoxy of the charge of incoherence. But are divinity and humanity compossible?Divine and Human ExistenceIs Death annihilation? If it is, then Jesus, as one bearing divine properties, cannot die.But why should the theist accept this? Doesn’t the soul outlive the body? Morris doesn’t take this argument, though. He rather points out that Jesus bore essential, if not common, human properties. Either one works.Jesus and the Attributes of DeityProblem: how can Jesus bear the property, say, of omnipresence during the Incarnation?Anselm: God is a maximally perfect being who exemplifies a maximally perfect set of compossible great-making properties.Great-making property: a property it is intrinsically better to have than to lack.Degreed: something you can have more ofLogical maxima: highest possible degreesNon-logical maxima: capable of infinite increaseThe Properties of the God-manAlvin Plantinga: the divine persons can differ in the modal status of their properties (94-95). The Son can exemplify some of those properties contingently.Morris explores a number of options to avoid the kenotic conclusion. Two-MindsRange of consciousness = collection of belief-states (102).Two minds = two ranges of consciousness. Morris writes, “The divine mind of the Son of God contained, but was not contained by, his earthly mind” (103). There is an asymmetric relationship.
Very helpful in addressing challenges to the coherence of the Incarnation. Requires some training in metaphysics and logic to fully appreciate, but a patient reader will benefit, nonetheless. I found Morris' defense of "perfect being theology" persuasive and respected the careful way he lays out "the two-minds view," a view of the person of Christ I had wrongly deemed implausible. I will be returning to this volume again and again to glean insights about the differences between being merely human and fully human, what is metaphysically possible and what is epistemically possible, and what is essential to an individual and what is essential to a natural kind. This should be required reading for anyone who wants to engage seriously in philosophical reflection on the person of Christ.
One of the most significant, original contributions by an analytic philosophical theologian to Christology. Excellent introduction in its own right to key distinctions and implications of credal orthodoxy on the dual nature of Jesus Christ.
This is perhaps one of the hardest books I've ever read. Morris attempts to dig deep into the incarnation and how a being can be both divine and human.
Recommended by Dr. Craig.