Read Meditaciones by Marcus Aurelius Online


Descendiente de una familia de origen hispánico, Marco Aurelio nació en Roma el año 121 de nuestra era y, tras ser adoptado por Antonio Pío, lo sucedió como emperador, ocupando el cargo desde el año 161 hasta su muerte en 180. Su reinado estuvo marcado por las numerosas y dilatadas guerras que mantuvo contra los pueblos que habitaban en los límites del Imperio. Sin embargoDescendiente de una familia de origen hispánico, Marco Aurelio nació en Roma el año 121 de nuestra era y, tras ser adoptado por Antonio Pío, lo sucedió como emperador, ocupando el cargo desde el año 161 hasta su muerte en 180. Su reinado estuvo marcado por las numerosas y dilatadas guerras que mantuvo contra los pueblos que habitaban en los límites del Imperio. Sin embargo, su devoción por las letras fue notoria y Marco Aurelio dedicó muchas horas al estudio de la filosofía. Durante los descansos que le daban su intensa actividad bélica y sus obligaciones políticas compuso las Meditaciones, una de las principales obras del estoicismo romano, pese a estar redactadas en griego. Los doce libros en que se organiza esta obra constituyen una compilación de ideas y sentencias breves en la que Marco Aurelio reflexiona sobre temas como los límites de la naturaleza humana, la fugacidad del tiempo, los valores morales o la manera correcta de conducirse en la vida....

Title : Meditaciones
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 9788489662148
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 251 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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Meditaciones Reviews

  • Glenn Russell
    2019-05-26 14:42

    In many important ways, the reflections of Marcus Aurelius (121-180) crystallize the philosophical wisdom of the Greco-Roman world. This little book was written as a diary to himself while emperor fighting a war out on the boarder of the Roman Empire and today this book is known to us as The Meditations.The Roman philosophers are not as well known or as highly regarded as Greek philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, or Zeno the Stoic - and for a simple reason: the Roman thinkers were not primarily interested in abstract theory; rather, they were concerned with behavior, that is, understanding how to live in the everyday world and putting their understanding into practice; the goal being to live the life of an authentic philosopher, to be a person of high character and integrity, to develop inner strength and a quiet mind and value such strength and quietude above all else. Indeed, to accomplish such a lofty goal, the Romans realized the need for radical transformation, a complete overhauling of one's life through rigorous mental and physical training, like turning base metal into pure gold. And once a person takes on the role of a philosopher, their deeds must reflect their words - no hypocrisy, thank you! Thus, it isn't surprising the Romans put a premium on memorizing and internalizing simple proverbs and maxims and employed the metaphor of philosophy as the medicine to cure a sick soul.Turning now to Marcus Aurelius, we can appreciate how he imbibed the wisdom not only from the Stoics (along with Seneca and Epictetus, Marcus is considered one of the three major Roman Stoics), but he was also willing to learn from the schools of Epicurus, Plato and Aristotle. In the Greco-Roman world, being eclectic was perfectly acceptable; truth was valued over who said what.We find several recurring themes in The Meditations: develop self-discipline to gain control over judgments and desires; overcoming a fear of death; value an ability to retreat into a rich, interior mental life (one's inner citadel); recognize the world as a manifestation of the divine; live according to reason; avoid luxury and opulence. But generalizations will not approach the richness and wisdom nuggets a reader will find in Marcus's actual words. Thus, I conclude with my personal observations coupled with quotes from Book One, wherein Marcus begins by expressing heartfelt thanks to his family and teachers for the many fine lessons he learned as a youth. Here are four of my favorites:"Not to have frequented public schools, and to have had good teachers at home" ---------- After my own nasty experience with the mindless competition and regimentation of public schools, I wish I had Marcus's good fortune of excellent home schooling."Not to meddle with other people's affairs, and not to be ready to listen to slander." ---------- I didn't need a teacher here; I recognized on my own at an early age that gossip is a colossal waste of time and energy, both listening to gossip and spreading gossip. I can't imagine a clearer indication of a base, coarse mind than someone inclined to gossip and slandering others."To read carefully, and not to be satisfied with a superficial understanding of a book." ---------- How true. Reading isn't a race to get to the last page; matter of fact, I agree with Jorge Luis Borges that focused, precise rereading is the key to opening oneself to the wisdom of a book."To be satisfied on all occasions, and be cheerful." ---------- I'm never in a hurry. Life is too beautiful to be in a hurry. For me, there is only one way to live each day: in joy and free from anxiety and worry. In a sense, all of the meditations of Marcus Aurelius amplify this simple view of life.I've written this review as an encouragement to make Marcus Aurelius a part of your life. You might not agree with everything he has to say, but you have to admit, Marcus has a really cool beard and head of hair.

  • Brad Lyerla
    2019-06-02 12:29

    When I was a freshman in college, I lived in a dorm. My roommate was on the football team. He would write inspiring things on poster board and hang them in our room often on the ceiling above his bed to motivate himself. He favored straightforward sentiments like "never give up."The Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius did not hang motivational posters for inspiration. Instead, he kept a journal in which he collected his thoughts about how to live well. MEDITATIONS is that book. Most people have heard that Aurelius counsels to expect the worst and you will never be disappointed. While that is part of what he has to say, it is not the most interesting of what he has to say. At his most thoughtful, Aurelius calls on us to ask the best of ourselves and never mind the behavior of others. His MEDITATIONS is a work of motivational advice to inspire us in the ways of stoicism. It is a manual for being a complete, mature adult. It is a guide for living a dignified, thoughtful lifeConsider: "Suppose that a god announced that you were going to die tomorrow 'or the day after'. Unless you were a complete coward you wouldn't kick up a fuss about which day it was - what difference could it make? Now recognize that the difference between years from now and tomorrow is just as small." Book IV (Greg Hays trans., Modern Library)Or: "Concentrate every minute like a Roman - like a man - on doing what's in front of you with precise and genuine seriousness, tenderly, willingly, with justice. And on freeing yourself from distractions. Yes, you can - if you do everything as if it were the last thing you were doing in your life, and stop being aimless, stop letting your emotions override what your mind tells you, stop being hypocritical, self-centered, irritable. You see how few things you have to do to live a satisfying and reverent life? If you can manage this, that's all even the gods can ask of you." Book II.And: "If at some point in your life, you should come across anything better than justice, honesty, self-control, courage - than a mind satisfied that it succeeded in enabling you to act rationally, and satisfied to accept what is beyond its control - if you find anything better than that, embrace it without reservations - it must be an extraordinary thing indeed - and enjoy it to the full." Book IIIThat these thoughts came from the most powerful man in the world, a man whose personal power so vastly exceeded the personal power of any American president that we have difficulty comprehending it, makes it all the more impressive. Aurelius continually writes that strength comes from humility, self-restraint and good humor towards others. He teaches us to accept what we cannot control and to trust what we know.Good advice, indeed.

  • Riku Sayuj
    2019-05-30 16:22

    Marcus Aurelius must have been a prolific reader. He sure was a prolific note-taker, for these meditations are surely his study-notes(?- after all he was a 'philosopher' from age 12). I don't know of the publishing system at the time but where are the detailed footnotes and references? Marcus Aurelius is quite a wise man or at least he read enough wise men. He sure nailed it as far as boring a reader is concerned. No better way to establish your book's wisdom quotient.I am being needlessly caustic of course(do note my rating above). The book is quotable in almost every page and is good to dip in to now and then, you might well find an aphorism that fits the mood just right every time. And that is why the book is a classic and so well-loved. Don't read it as a scholar, you will end up like this reviewer. As I said earlier - He is like the wisdom of ages. Aargh :) Not that it is all bad - it is like reading an old uncles's notes after he has been preaching to you all your life. Good that I am a stoic too. All ills are imaginary. Yes.[ Or perhaps it was easier to be a Stoic while stoned: The emperor was a notorious opium user, starting each day, even while on military campaigns, by downing a nubbin of the stuff dissolved in his morning cup of wine. ]

  • Phyllis Eisenstadt
    2019-05-23 16:36

    THINK ABOUT IT!Never before have I given a five star rating to a book of which I had only read 9%. However, this book is special in many ways, and if the beginning is any indication of the author's thoughts and reflections, it merits this rating. I eagerly await my future readings of this splendid work.Like the Bible, it can be opened to any page, and the passage will resonate with most people at various times in their life. Each passage stands by itself and is not dependent upon what had preceded it. Therefore, although I am in the midst of reading two other books, I pick this one up sporadically, read a few passages, and am not confused about plot and characters. Although the book was written in a manner easy to understand, it is anything but simplistic; it is profound and replete with wisdom. Further, it should be read slowly so that the reader may absorb the words and delight in the meditations of Aurelius. I have done much highlighting in order to remember certain passages, and I know I will reread them throughout the years.Once again, my friend Steve Sckenda has recommended quality literature to his GR friends for which I thank him most sincerely.Phyllis Eisenstadt

  • Maru Kun
    2019-06-15 13:43

    Marcus gives us wise advice about using the Internet, particularly social networking sites:“...because most of what we say and do is not essential. If you can eliminate it, you'll have more time and more tranquillity. Ask yourself at every moment, is this necessary…”He shares his opinions on the worst types of modern professional. He does not approve of lobbyists and is rightly worried about their influence on the legislative process. We should heed his words:“ long as the law is safe, so is the city and the citizen…”.He has harsh things to say about public relations executives;“ say what you don't think - the definition of absurdity…”.He understands the modern office dynamic, reminding himself:“...Not to be constantly telling people that I am too busy, unless I really am. Similarly, not to be always ducking my responsibilities to the people around me because of "pressing business"..."Marcus has advice for politicians, which it is clear from this book he thinks are untrustworthy, illogical and prone to anger. He condemns unreservedly all their faults and the problems with the modern electoral system:“ makes you betray a trust, or lose your sense of shame, or make you show hatred, suspicion, ill will, or hypocrisy, or a desire for things best done behind closed doors. “...A desire for things best done behind closed doors…” - Marcus is spot on in identifying a lack of democratic accountability, fostered by the CIA, NSA, GCHQ and the rest of the security paraphernalia, as being at the root of many of our current political problems.In the UK there is a tradition for politicians, or at least for the posher type of politician, to study “PPE” or “Politics, Philosophy and Economics” at either Oxford or Cambridge University. But despite such an expensive education our political masters don't have half the grasp on the classics that Marcus has, which is remarkable considering he was home-schooled. I wish Marcus would consider a career in politics just to show up our current representatives for the intellectual pygmies that they really are. Marcus also gives us advice on a more personal level. I don’t know much about his background but I can be sure he is the father of teenage children! Can he really keep his temper?“...they are drawn toward what they think is good for them, but if it is not good for them then prove it to them instead of losing your temper…”Unlike other self-help writers he doesn’t flinch at reminding us about our own mortality:“...Think of yourself as dead. You have lived your life. Now take what's left and live it properly…” We should remember:“...not to live as if you had endless years in front of you. Death overshadows you. While you're alive and able, be good…”and also“ much more damage anger and grief do than the things that cause them…”How refreshing if more authors of self help books would confront squarely the central issue of our own mortality and our negative emotions of anger or frustration instead of forever hiding from these topics.So to end with my favorite paragraph, from book 10 paragraph 5. One for physicists as well as philosophers to puzzle over:“...whatever happens to you has been waiting to happen since the beginning of time. The twining strands of fate wove both of them together: your own existence and the things that happen to you. ..”I don’t normally read self help books. Often they seem full of cliches left over from the Victorian era. And in this book, which may have been modeled on the writings of Alain De Botton, Marcus mixes in a lot of philosophy and this just isn’t to everyone’s taste.But with this short work Marcus, who is Italian, and his co-author Gregory Hays have brought the format right up to date by reflecting squarely on the types of issues that we all face today.A great book by an author who - and this is no exaggeration - deserves a statue to be put up for him. I can only wish I could meet Marcus one day. In fact I’ll be checking out if he has any book signings lined up. If he has a decent agent I’m sure he has.

  • Foad
    2019-06-12 16:40

    جداى از جملات فراوانى ش كه به فكرم فرو برد - و جملات فراوانى كه حوصله م رو سر برد - يه خاطره ى ويژه هم با اين كتاب دارم، كه بيشتر براى يادآورى شخصى ثبتش مى كنم.يك روز داشتم كتاب رو توى شلوغى اتوبوس مى خوندم. و به اين فرازهاش رسيده بودم كه:”لوسيلا، وروس را به خاك سپرد، سپس نوبت خودش فرا رسيد. سكوندا، ماكسيموس را دفن كرد و آن گاه نوبت خودش شد. اپيتينكانوس، ديوتيموس را تا دم مرگ مشايعت كرد و بعد از چندى خود نيز جان سپرد... كجايند آن مردان هوشمند، آن مردان بصير، آن مردان پرشكوه؟ همگى مدت هاست كه از دنيا رفته اند... به سنگ نبشته هاى گورها بينديش: «آخرين فرد خاندانش». اجدادش چه رنج هايى را بر خود هموار كرده بودند تا وارثى داشته باشند، ولى سر انجام كسى بايد آخرين نفر مى بود و با مرگ او خاندانى از ميان رفته است.“و این قدر به این نهیب ها ادامه داد که حال و هواى روزهايى كه توى قبرستان قدم مى زدم و نوشته هاى سنگ قبرها رو مى خوندم و به محتويات فعلى شون فكر مى كردم، توى سرم زنده شد. يهو اين فكر به سرم افتاد كه اين همه آدم كه دور من راه ميرن و حرف ميزنن و عرقریزان دنبال زندگی شونن، هر كارى هم بكنن هر چى هم بشه، صد سال ديگه محتويات قبرستان ها رو تشكيل ميدن، و خود من هم مثل همه. از اتوبوس پياده شدم، توى پياده ى روى شلوغ راه رفتم و فكر كردم: من دارم بين زامبى ها حركت مى كنم، بين مرده هاى متحرك، و فقط يه فكر نبود، یه احساس زنده و شفاف بود. ماركوس اورليوس براى يه خواننده ش بعد از دو هزار سال يه شهود ترتيب داده بود.اين حال شهود-مانند به مدت سه چهار دقيقه ادامه داشت، تا اين كه به مقصدم رسيدم و از بين جمعيت پياده رو بيرون رفتم، و اون حال هم از بين رفت.

  • Walter
    2019-05-31 17:41

    Another great influence in my life; this was the personal philosophical diary of the last "good emperor" of the Roman Empire. In this work Marcus Aurelius draws a picture Stoicism as a philosophy that I call "Buddhism with balls". It is a harsh self discipline that trains its practitioners to be champions (of a sort). Champions of what? Mastery of the self. The heart of the book is that in order to make oneself free, they must train themselves to become indifferent to externals. The externals are those elements in life of which we have no or little control: our ethnicity, sex appeal, intelligence, lifespan, the opinions of others, etc. We must also become very aware of the one thing which we do have control over: our perceptions. Through harsh self analysis, training of the reason and self discipline, we can learn to take control of our perceptions, and in this way become impervious to all misfortune/suffering. Through this practice one cuts the puppet strings by which most people are jerked through life: pleasing others, seeking fame, sexual dominance, material goods, etc., and in the process also is freed of the suffering that stems from not having these false goals met.This is a book that is extremely empowering. Even if some of the ideals and aims might be utterly impossible (but for a handful of great sages), they are worthy and worth striving towards. Another aspect that I found interesting, was that here we are able to open a window into the life of a great and noble soul who was struggling to come to terms with the universe. We read the personal thoughts of the master of the civilized world, a man utterly alone and free of peers, who is grappling with the need to find meaning in life. His efforts and obvious agonies are touching. This is a deeply humane work. In many sections he has to repeatedly remind himself of the nature of death (that it is an essential and good part of nature), and often repeated are metaphors relating to the death of a child. These reminders are made very poignant when you understand that several of the Emperor's children (who he apparently loved very much) were taken by disease. This was the one understanding that he seemed to have the hardest time coming to terms with or accepting.

  • Hadrian
    2019-06-14 18:40

    The inner thoughts of a Roman emperor. Profound and for some, inspiring. A mournful, yet strong man, philosopher-king, which we don't see too often anywhere.

  • Camille Stein
    2019-05-22 18:51

    Aunque debieras vivir tres mil años y otras tantas veces diez mil, no obstante recuerda que nadie pierde otra vida que la que vive, ni vive otra que la que pierde. En consecuencia, lo más largo y lo más corto confluyen en un mismo punto. El presente, en efecto, es igual para todos, lo que se pierde es también igual, y lo que se separa es, evidentemente, un simple instante. Luego ni el pasado ni el futuro se podrían perder, porque lo que no se tiene, ¿cómo nos lo podría arrebatar alguien? Ten siempre presente, por tanto, esas dos cosas: una, que todo, desde siempre, se presenta de forma igual y describe los mismos círculos, y nada importa que se contemple lo mismo durante cien años, doscientos o un tiempo indefinido; la otra, que el que ha vivido más tiempo y el que morirá más prematuramente, sufren idéntica pérdida. Porque sólo se nos puede privar del presente, puesto que éste sólo posees, y lo que uno no posee, no lo puede perder. (II, 14) Muchos para su retiro buscan las casas de campo, las orillas del mar, los montes; cosas que tú mismo solías desear con anhelo; pero todo esto es una vulgaridad, teniendo uno en su mano el recogerse en su interior y retirarse dentro de sí en la hora que le diere la gana. En efecto, en ninguna parte tiene el hombre un retiro más quieto ni más desocupado que dentro de su mismo espíritu, sobre todo cuando encierra aquellos bienes hacia los que es suficiente inclinarse para recobrar la paz. La que yo llamo ahora tranquilidad no es otra cosa que un ánimo bien dispuesto y ordenado. (IV, 3) La duración de la vida humana es como un punto; la materia del hombre es un flujo perpetuo; sus sensaciones son un oscuro fenómeno; todo su cuerpo, una masa corruptible; su alma, un torbellino; su destino, un enigma insoluble; su reputación, una cosa indefinible. En resumen, todo lo que es del cuerpo es como un río; todo lo del alma, sueño y vapor; la vida, una guerra perpetua o la corta detención de un peregrino; la fama de la posteridad, un olvido. ¿Qué nos puede guiar entonces? (II, 17)

  • Pavle
    2019-06-19 17:31

    Čitao sam Aurelijeve Meditacije u onih praznih pet minuta pred neki izlazak, na bajsu u audio formatu, pa i u toaletu (toaletno štivo - najbolje štivo). Njena fragmentirana (kratki pasusi, ponekad dužine svega jedne rečenice) gradja za to je i idealna. Zato je malo i potrajalo, ali šta da se radi. Stoička filozofija i ovde, kao kod Seneke, nije ništa novo, ništa monumentalno, ali ono što izdiže ovu knjigu i ono što je čini posebnom, za razliku od Senekinog dela, jeste to što Aurelije ovo nije želeo da objavi. Suštinski, ovo je dnevnik. Možda ne zvuči kao velika stvar, ali zbog toga svaka stranica isijava i emocijom i autentičnošću. Koristeći drugo lice, "ti treba.. ti ne treba..", Aurelije ne priča nama, već samom sebi, "ti" je zapravo "ja", uputstvo za upotrebu, i ovo je izuzetan uvid u ličnost jednog, bukvalno (a lično mislim i figurativno), cara. U tekstu se oseća kada je nervozan ili tužan ili srećan, kada je opijen trijumfom ili nesiguran ili razočaran u sopstveno ponašanje. Nekad se raspiše, a nekad onako u prolazu zapiše poneku mudru misao. Car, glavni čovek glavne sile starog sveta, pokušava, ponekad neuspešno, da se rukovodi stoičkim načelima i preuzme potpunu kontrolu nad svojim životom. Marko Aurelije ovde je besprekorno napisan lik i predznanje da je on stvarna istorijska ličnost tu ništa ne menja. Slučajna autobiografija, uvid u um impozantne osobe i veliko dostignuće.5

  • Evan
    2019-06-17 16:49

    Like the Tao Te Ching, this is a collection of short, powerful statements. If only Aurelius had as much humor as Lao Tzu, or as generous a view of life. Still, some of Aurelius's reflections have a cold, wintery beauty about them. Best read as poetry rather than any philosophy to take to heart. Only readable in small bites, which makes it perfect for the subway.

  • Richard
    2019-06-20 11:32

    By today's standards, a bog-standard blog.The only reason that this was preserved in the first place is that the author happened to be a Roman emperor. (That, and that ancient Rome didn't have LiveJournal.) The only reason that Meditations is still being published today is that once a book gets labeled "classic," hardly anyone who reads it has the grapes to admit that it just wasn't that good. Well...the emperor has no clothes.

  • Parthiban Sekar
    2019-06-08 16:22

    “Nowhere can man find a quieter or more untroubled retreat than in his own soul.”This little book is the most personal work existent on the surface of the Earth, floating across all continents and countries, in all language, from time to time. Marcus Aurelius, the Roman Emperor and unmistakably, a Stoic philosopher, through his reflective aphorisms and repetitive admonitions, captivates us to inquire about our living, review our doings, and eliminate our misconceptions. This was not targeted for any audience; This was not intended to be published; This was unquestionably not to be made as international best seller; Yet, this single book has captured more men than Marcus could ever have captured with his lofty weapons and relentless army. These 12 books of personally directed writings might seem incomprehensible, at times, but, thanks to the foot-notes, some of them could be made clear.So, what does Marcus say in this mighty book of "motivating and reforming" writing?"The universe is change; our life is what our thoughts make it.".::Directing Mind::.“Everything we hear is an opinion, not a fact. Everything we see is a perspective, not the truth.” All is as thinking makes it so. Our very souls are dyed by our thoughts. We are what our thoughts make us and our happiness rests in what we think. Throughout this book, it is constantly being reminded that one should keep himself free of alluring judgement, but he should conduct a precise analysis with unaffected dignity, with human sympathy, with dispassionate justice. “Vanity is the greatest seducer of reason.”Pride is what, often, drives us into undesirable circumstances and unalterable consequences, and so, He, Marcus, tell us to get rid of vanity and any emotion which might instigate vanity in us. Like most of the Stoics, he also tell us not to succumb to pleasures and pains, and not to be provoked by brute facts and mere things. Divinity is our mind and reason. .::Achievement Of Common Good::."If mind is common to us, then also the reason, whereby we are reasoning beings, is common.' If this be so, then also the reason which enjoins what is to be done or left undone is common. If this be so, law also is common; if this be so, we are citizens; if this be so, we are partakers in one constitution;"Mind, "A perfect round in solitude" as addressed by Marcus, which is unreachable to any of external agents, and which can be impacted only by our thoughts, tends to join with people who bear the same thoughts and beliefs, leading to the fellowship of "Like-Minded" individuals. But, what Marcus dreams of, is something really quite unimaginable and the above quote vividly explains his desire to bring all people together under on constitution to live in all accord and harmony. It would be hard not to notice his relentless reverence for Gods and the importance of being God-fearing but not superstitious. Calculated honesty is a stiletto. Kindness, integrity and sincerity are the key virtues to live in accordance with the nature (the Whole) and fellow citizens, as Marcus empathetically tells. “All men are made one for another: either then teach them better or bear with them.” .::Inevitable Change::."Is any man afraid of change? Why what can take place without change?"Universe is change. We are not what we, once, were. All things are in the process of change: Constant alteration and Gradual decay. Everything we undergo is part of the process of change, as the fig blossoms and ripens. It is not their actions which troubles us but our judgement of them. The more we control our emotions, closer we get to the power of precise judgement..::Sense Of An Urgency::."The present moment is equal to all."How quickly time runs out and How much we have already lost. Instead of fretting over the past and dream of future, Marcus asks us to find our purpose of our existence and work for it, with accordance to nature and appreciation of blessings in what we have.“Perfection of character is this: to live each day as if it were your last, without frenzy, without apathy, without pretence.” .::Death::.“It is not death that a man should fear, but he should fear never beginning to live.”Death is inevitable, as birth is. According to him, it is not a "Non-Existence" but a "Not-Yet-Existence". He even further goes ahead and asks "Or is Death just a change of home?".So, lets take what we like from this unmistakable work of virtues and make no drama of our lives."Dwell on the beauty of life. Watch the stars, and see yourself running with them."

  • Jon(athan) Nakapalau
    2019-06-17 19:46

    “The soul becomes dyed with the colour of its thoughts.” After reading this book I realized that there was a wealth of wisdom from some of the greatest minds in history; all I had to do was take the time to meet them through books.

  • Sawsan
    2019-06-13 16:47

    التأملات كتبها الامبراطور والفيلسوف الروماني ماركوس أوريليوس, من الفلاسفة الرواقيين وعُرف بالفيلسوف الجالس على العرش, حكم الامبراطورية الرومانية ما بين عامي 161- 180م دَون تأملاته, وعرض آراؤه عن الحياة والأخلاق وتهذيب النفس وفضائل الحكمة والعدالة, وأيضا فكره وأسلوبه في الحكم والإدارةمن أقواله " إذا ما استطاع إنسان أن يثبت لي أني على خطأ ويبين لي خطئي في أي فكرة أو فعل, فسوف أغير نفسي بكل سرور, إن أريد إلا الحق وهو مطلب لم يضر أي إنسان قط, إنما الضرر هو أن يصر المرء على جهله ويستمر في خداع ذاته"

  • Alexandra Petri
    2019-06-04 14:40

    This basically consists of Marcus Aurelius repeating, "Get it together, Marcus" to himself over and over again over the course of 12 chapters. SPOILER ALERT:-The time during which you are alive is very very brief compared to the time during which you did not exist and will not exist. -People who wrong you only do so from ignorance, and if you can correct them without being a jerk about it, you should do so.-You are a little soul dragging around a corpse. -Whether or not things injure you lies in your opinion about them, and you can control that opinion. That's about it. The fascinating thing about these philosophical ideas is that if they were expressed a single time, they might seem profound and solid and convincing. But repeated over and over like a rosary, you feel that Marcus is struggling against really serious grueling daily doubt -- that these are things that he wishes to be true, not things that he knows to be true, normative rather than descriptive statements. Which makes for a fascinating and subtext-y read, especially given his history.

  • Ken Moten
    2019-06-09 18:30

    (The edition I read from was translated by Meric Casaubon)"X. These two rules, thou must have always in a readiness. First, do nothing at all, but what reason proceeding from that regal and supreme part, shall for the good and benefit of men, suggest unto thee. And secondly, if any man that is present shall be able to rectify thee or to turn thee from some erroneous persuasion, that thou be always ready to change thy mind, and this change to proceed, not from any respect of any pleasure or credit thereon depending, but always from some probable apparent ground of justice, or of some public good thereby to be furthered; or from some other such inducement." - From Book 4 I will start this off from noting that most of what I said about stoic philosophy and Epictetus when I reviewed the Handbook of Epictetus applies here. But now I will talk about things unique to this collection and Marcus himself. This book is not simply a collection of sayings but sincere advice that Marcus was giving and telling himself. That makes the Meditations more of a diary than a treatise. I always like reading philosophical works where the philosopher uses himself, honestly, as the subject (one could say that most of the works of my favorite philosopher, Søren Kierkegaard, originated from his legendary break-up with his long time girlfriend and fiancée Regine Olsen in which he spent the rest of his life regretting). When you read this book you have to keep in mind that he is not holding himself up as an example of how to live but admonishing himself for not living better considering his position as Emperor of the Roman Empire. "XI. Hast thou reason? I have. Why then makest thou not use of it? For if thy reason do her part, what more canst thou require?" - Book 4 (You realize he is telling himself not to act stupid?) Now Marcus was not a saint by any measure as he has committed his war crimes, religious persecution, and worst of all made his hellish son Commodus (the villain from the Gladiator movie) his heir, but at least he recognized the flaws within himself and continually reminded himself of them. Now being a stoic he is obligated like most stoic philosophers to show how he did not sweat death but you start to see a little existentialism come out as he keeps pondering his mortality (seriously half of this book is about him saying over and over "death is not a big deal, death is not a big deal, death is...) "XV. Is any man so foolish as to fear change, to which all things that once were not owe their being? And what is it, that is more pleasing and more familiar to the nature of the universe? How couldst thou thyself use thy ordinary hot baths, should not the wood that heateth them first be changed? How couldst thou receive any nourishment from those things that thou hast eaten, if they should not be changed? Can anything else almost (that is useful and profitable) be brought to pass without change? How then dost not thou perceive, that for thee also, by death, to come to change, is a thing of the very same nature, and as necessary for the nature of the universe?" - From book seven. I call this quote the circle of life Marcus Aurelius-style. Let's not forget this heart-warming statement: "'As often as a father kisseth his child, he should say secretly with himself' (said Epictetus,) 'tomorrow perchance shall he die.' But these words be ominous. No words ominous (said he) that signify anything that is natural..." - From book 11. Yeah that's not one of his more popular sayings.I like to again state that he is telling himself all of that which means that he was not as stoic as he would have liked to have been. It won't be a surprise when I say that I think anyone could learn from this book (though I would shop around for a modern translation). As most of his advice holds up well now. I could give endless quotes from this book but really you have no excuse to not read this book so suck it up and read this book. "XXIV. What doest thou desire? To live long. What? To enjoy the operations of a sensitive soul; or of the appetitive faculty? or wouldst thou grow, and then decrease again? Wouldst thou long be able to talk, to think and reason with thyself? Which of all these seems unto thee a worthy object of thy desire? Now if of all these thou doest find that they be but little worth in themselves, proceed on unto the last, which is, in all things to follow God and reason. But for a man to grieve that by death he shall be deprived of any of these things, is both against God and reason." - From book 12 "XXI. ...Finally, love mankind; obey God." - From book 7 "As for thyself; thou hast to do with neither. Go thy ways then well pleased and contented: for so is He that dismisseth thee." - Last two sentences of the Meditations.

  • Hirdesh
    2019-06-03 11:38

    Greatest Book I've ever read."What a book is this, I'll kept it with me until my death."Everyone should read it once in a life to know Philosophy Of Life."The best provision for a happy life is to dissecteverything, view its own nature, and divide it intomatter and form. To practise honesty in good earnest,and speak truth from the very .soul of you. Whatremains but to live easy and cheerful, and crowdone good action so close to another that there maynot be the least empty space between them.The great business of a man is to improve hismind, therefore consider how he does this. As for allother things, whether in our power to compass or not,they are no better than lifeless ashes and smoke."Best lines-*"I am satisfied the person disobliging is of kin to me, and though we are not just of the same flesh and blood, yet our minds are nearly related, being both extracted from the Deity—I am likewise convinced that no man can do me a real injury, because no man can force me to misbehave myself, nor can I find it in my heart to hate\nor to be angry with one of my own nature and family.""* "Let these two maxims be always ready : first, that things cannot disturb the soul, but remain motionless without, while disturbance springs from the opinion within the soul. The second is, to consider that the scene is just shifting and sliding off into nothing ; and that you yourself have seen abundance of great alterations. In a word, the world is all transformation, and life is opinion."*"Do not suppose you are hurt, and your complaint ceases. Cease your complaint, and you are not hurt."* "Do not forget the saying of Heraclitus, "That the earth dies into water, water into air, air into fire, and so backward"*"Every word seems Manuscript.\So, I'm taking full time with it. Love it"* "What is death ? It is a resting from the vibrations of sensation, and the swaying of desire, a stop upon the rambling of thought, and a release from the drudgery about your body."* "It is the privilege of human nature to love those that disoblige us. To practice this, you must consider that the offending party is of kin to you, that ignorance is the cause of the misbehavior,"* "Fate mows down life like corn, this mortal falls,Another stands a while.""* "Sixthly, When you are most angry and vexed\remember that human life lasts but a moment, andthat we shall all of us very quickly be laid in our graves"

  • Rachel
    2019-06-12 14:43

    I give a four to Marcus Aurelius (since he seemed like a pretty fascinating dude but I don't totally agree with him on everything) and a five to translator Gregory Hays for his readable, immediate translation as well as his thoughtful and unpretentious introduction. You can tell he really likes Aurelius, thinks of him as a buddy almost, but is willing to admit that he doesn't completely have his shit together. There's a warmth to his writing as well as a critical eye. It's easy to assume that "ancient philosophers" must be completely wise about everything all the time, and Hays doesn't buy into that. Here are some parts of the introduction I really like:"There is a persistent strain of pessimism in the work....As one scholar has observed, 'reading the Meditations for long periods can be conducive to melancholy.' And even those who love the book cannot deny that there is something impoverishing about the view of human life it presents. Matthew Arnold, whose essay on the work reveals a deep respect and affection for Marcus, identified the central shortcoming of his philosophy as its failure to make any allowance for joy, and I think this is a fair criticism."He also goes on to say--"Perhaps the most depressing entry in the entire work is the one in which Marcus urges himself to cultivate an indifference to music."Yeah! Way to stick up for music, Gregory. And Mr. Aurelius, you can try all you want, but "Total Eclipse of the Heart" is going to get you every time.

  • Giorgi
    2019-06-09 19:37

    Say to yourself in the early morning: I shall meet today inquisitive, ungrateful, violent, treacherous, envious, uncharitable men. All these things have come upon them through ignorance of real good and ill. my favorite quotation Stoic philosopher, and a Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 try to imagine this man was a roman emperor as Nero, caligula and dioclite BUT why was he different ?he has a very good introduction about his education, The universe is change; our life is what our thoughts make it.What means all this? his all philosophy is based on notion purpusivness of humans life Whatever happens at all happens as it should be everything have his own place own purpose everything is good but someone's don't want to to live according his nature so if you are stupid you will tray to change the world but if you are wise you will make your purpose and live as man who knows his nature and have obligations,Never esteem anything as of advantage to you that will make you break your word or lose your self-respect. if you are training to avoid you nature you are fool this book is one of the greatest and shortest composition of wisdom .You will find rest from vain fancies if you perform every act in life as though it were your last.action and time, work and god,history and knowledge,will and ill everything is so brilliant in this book and then simple sentences with most original wisdom it claims that you should live as kind simple and wise person.Very little is needed to make a happy life.but someone don't know this thougths make life happy and try to avoid vainity and to have mane of man Remember that man lives only in the present, in this fleeting instant; all the rest of his life is either past and gone, or not yet revealed.i read many modern philosophical books after it but non of them is more comprehensive his stile is one of the most elegant and simple conform with small chapters each of them is more smart than whole modern western philosophy if we add this that he was writing this book during war we will see his person as great philosophical commandment The universe is flux, life is opinion.i am a propagander of this book

  • G.
    2019-06-13 16:27

    I view this work as a valuable resource, after all, it's not often one knows the private thoughts of an individual, let alone one of the more successful Roman Emperors. Only occasionally does it feel like the work of a Roman Emperor. Never do we get the feeling that it's written mid battle and amid the varied intrigue attending empire maintenance. Most often it's a welcome blend of philosophical pondering and practical advice.My favorite Books were One, Eight, and Eleven. It's appropriate, and perhaps customary, for MA to open with credits to those who made him the man and leader he was in 170. The sections of each book are brief yet poignant. Beholden of many things, he credits his forebears with all manner of instruction, practical and spiritual. He learned to be modest and thoughtful, though not to think too much. Forgiving. Tolerant. Avoiding addictions.Several themes recur. The importance of unity in the family of man. Avoidance of emotion, most often anger. His comments on logos were especially thought provoking. I came away with tremendous admiration for his temperament. Lesser men and women didn't learn the lessons. The list form of the meditations is ideal. I employed a similar numbering system in my journals years ago. It's a technique employed by philosophers sorting through complex points.Perhaps living up to the standard of Marcus Aurelius requires a level of discipline beyond our abilities. It's a nobel course. Almost a form of sainthood, bliss or enlightenment. The reward is happiness. But at what cost? He promotes a level of detachment that isn't very romantic, at best. While he was compassionate, he seemed to reserve the tenderest sentiment for posterity. His inner workings were written rather than spoken. Yet the sentiment is there. While a profound thinker it's also evident that he practiced his beliefs to great effect. The worldly temptations must have been tremendous. Omnipotence had its casualties in Ancient Rome.In Meditations, one finds a candid companion. He is of course stoic, however intimate and altogether sane. Were his principles adhered to by only a few, I'm sure life would be easier for most. This is a book I'll keep and reread.

  • Olivier Delaye
    2019-05-27 15:51

    The timeless manual of Stoicism, a philosophy that some will find incredibly useful to help them face life's challenges, while others will find it a little too self-centered and heavy-handed with fate and predestination. Well, to each his own, as they say. Written 1,850 or so years ago, Marcus Aurelius's Meditations are by no means a waste of reading time and are still very relevant today. Provided, that is, that philosophy is your cup of tea!OLIVIER DELAYEAuthor of the SEBASTEN OF ATLANTIS series

  • Amina
    2019-06-12 12:28

    My review will be postponed until I go through this book once again, no wonder Marcus Aurelius was one of the greatest roman emperors ever, this book is endless wisdom, and a sea of vertues, you do your best to memorize, you even take notes but you end up willing to read it once more..

  • Clif Hostetler
    2019-06-14 18:45

    Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180 AD) wrote this material in his own personal journal for his own edification. It was found and published after his death. Marcus was a practitioner of Stoicism and these writings are a significant source of our modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. It is considered by many commentators to be one of the greatest works of philosophy.The following is an excerpt of the one place where Marcus Aurelius mentions Christians:What a great soul is that which is ready, at any requisite moment to be separated from the body and then to be extinguished or dispersed or continue to exist. But this readiness must come from a man's own judgment, not from mere obstinacy, as with the Christians, but considerately and with dignity and in a way to persuade another, without tragic show. (Book XI, Paragraph 3) (Note: Book XI begins with these words, "These are the properties of the rational soul …")Some scholars think that the reference to Christians may have been added by a later copyist. The following is a link to over a thousand quotations of Markus Aurelius, and I presume they all would have had to come from his Meditations.

  • Tariq Alferis
    2019-06-19 19:30

    من ليبيا ، ومن أمام موج البحر المتلاطم على شواطيء السرايا الحمراء في مدينة طرابلس القديمة، وتحديداً من تحت سقف قوس ماركوس أوريليوس الروماني القديم ،قام اعضاء نادي الكتاب والثقافة بجامعة طرابلس مناقشة كتاب الامبراطور الروماني "التاملات " تحت اهم معلم يخلد ذكري ماركوس...في البداية تم نقاش تاريخ القوس بصفة خاصة واهم معالمه ونقاش النقوش الموجودة فيه عبر العصور ، من رسوم الالهة الي الخربشات ونقوشات الاسبان وحتي العرب منذ الفتح قديما ...!ثم مناقشة الكتاب في القنصلية الانجليزية القديمة (دار النويجي ) في البداية ...ان ماركوس اوريليوس ، فاته ان يكونَ نبٍياً . ‎أن هذه الأفكارالموجودة في جاءت من أقوى رجل في العالم ، وهو الرجل الذي يتجاوز ذلك إلى حد كبير على قوة الشخصية من أي زعيم حالي أن لدينا صعوبة في فهم مصدر قوته الشخصية، هل من الحكمة او من شئ اخر .. أوريليوس يكتب باستمرار أن القوة تأتي من التواضع، و ضبط النفس و روح الدعابة تجاه الآخرين . انه يعلمنا لقبول ما لا نستطيع السيطرة عليها و الوثوق ما نعرف‎الفيلسوف الرواقي ، و الإمبراطور الروماني 161-180لماذا هو امبراطور مختلف عن نيرون ، كلوديوس ، كاليغولا ، والخ ..لماذا هو من افضل الاباطرة الخمسة . اعتقد ان الاجابة موجودة في المقدمة الكتاب عن تعليمه .‎إنني أرى هذا العمل باعتباره مصدرا قيما ، بعد كل شيء ، من صعوبة معرفة افكار الخاصة للفرد ، ناهيك عن واحد من الأباطرة الرومان أكثر نجاحا. أحيانا لا تشعر انه عمل من الإمبراطور الروماني.ولاتشعر على انها مكتوبة في منتصف المعركة و وسط حضور الحضور والموت ، والخ ، في اغلب الأحيان تشعر انها مزيج من التأمل الفلسفي والنصائح العملية ‎في تأملات ، يجد المرء رفيق صريح . صديق من المدرسة رواقية ، ولكن حميم و عاقل تماما. ثم ان مبادئه لا يلتزم بها سوى عدد قليل ، .‎تذكر أن الإنسان يعيش فقط في الوقت الحاضر، في هذه اللحظة عابرة ؛ كل ما تبقى من حياته إما الماضي و ذهب، أو لم يتم الكشف حتى الآن.‎هذا هو الكتاب سوف يبقي بيعاد قرائته ..!

  • Mohamad Almokhllati
    2019-05-30 19:23

    This book Has been on my to-read list for a long time. I am glad I have read it. The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote the gist of his thoughts and wisdome in several books which later were put in one book and preserved for posterity.It is highly obvious how Marcus was influenced by Stoicism and it is core principles. The logos( the reason) is the super power that produced the world with all its animate and inanimate entities. It permeates everything and run the universe in orderly manner. All man's deeds should be in accordance with the logos( nature.) All negative deeds are unnatural and do not go with logos. To be one with the logos(which is nature,) man must be virtuous, honest self-contained, and governoed by reason and logic. People with clear minds will not mind injustice, pain , torture inflicted upon then since everything good or bad is natural. It is all part of the logos so it should be accepted as it is. Once entities perish, they dissolve into fire and unite with the logos. Dissolved entities are reproduced again by the logos so the cycle of nature goes on. The past is over, while the future we do not have yet, consequently; both of them are not worth our worries and anxiety. We should accept hierarchy as it is how the logos created the world. Man, accordingly, should accept his position in this world since it is ordained by the logos. He should be free of envy and acknowledge his place in the hierarchy of the logos. No one should fear death since all beings will dissolve ultimately into the logos. I enjoyed the wisdom of Marcus immensely though I do not know how he reconciled the concepted of the logos with that of gods.

  • فائق منيف
    2019-06-03 12:34

    اقتباسات من الكتاب: أوريليوس: إن اللطف لا يقاوم، طالما كان أصيلا بدون ابتسامات زائفة أو تظاهر أوريليوس: إن غضبنا وضيقنا يؤذياننا أكثر من الأشياء التي تغضبنا وتضايقنا أوريليوس: لا تضع مزيدا من الوقت في مناقشة كيف يكون الرجل الصالح؟ كن واحدا من هؤلاء الرجال أوريليوس: اترك أخطاء الآخرين حيث ارتكبت أوريليوس: امح الخيالات، وتحكم في الاندفاع، واطفئ الشهوة، واجعل من عقلك سيدا لك أوريليوس: إذا أردت أن ترفع من معنوياتك، ففكر في فضائل أصدقائك أوريليوس: إن كان من الصعب عليك أن تقوم بعمل ما، فلا تستنتج من ذلك أنه فوق طاقة البشر أوريليوس: انظر دائما إلى الأعماق، لا تدع الصفة الداخلية لأي شيء أو قيمته الحقيقية تفلت منك أوريليوس: ليس هناك ما يجلب التعاسة أكثر من محاولة الإحاطة بكل الأمور أوريليوس: الذين لا يدركون ما في داخل نفوسهم لا بد أن يكونوا تعساء أوريليوس: احفر في أعماقك ففي داخلك ينبوع الخير ولن يكف عن التدفق أبدا ما دمت تحفر فيه

  • Ray
    2019-06-05 13:47

    Marcus Aurelius was Roman Emperor from AD 161 to 180. His Meditations are a series of notes to self, reflecting his interest and training in philosophy. Reportedly not intended for publication Meditations nonetheless provides a wonderful insight into the mind of a powerful ruler and times long gone.This was a slow read for me. I had to read and re-read many of the passages to fully grasp its intent. The effort was well worth it as this is a great little book. What struck me most was how contemporary many of the recurring themes are. Be true to yourself .... all is transitory as we progress inexorably towards oblivion ..... disdain luxury and status (perhaps easy for him to say) ..... be one with nature and many others still resonate today. I will re-read this. It will go into my smallest library, there to serve as a source of pleasure and enlightenment in snatched moments of tranquillity and contemplation

  • Ana Rînceanu
    2019-05-28 17:52

    Once in a while I come across a book that makes me aware of a particular fault I have. Whenever I feel someone who is different from me is trying to tell me how to live, I just tend to brush his/her opinions under the rug unless they present a strong, intriguing argument. I got this sense of deja-vu as soon as I started this book. I was not impressed with the beginning of this book. While he was mentioning his thanks to his teachers for the virtues they had imbued in him, I felt like he was giving an endless award acceptance speech. I knew before starting that he was an Emperor of the Roman Empire and I thought he was just showing off. Then he issued direct indications on how to behave and I just needed to put the book down. The tone of the book was harsh and plain (compared to the other Latin works I've read), but I decided to give it another go. I looked up a documentary about Marcus Aurelius and realized that this is the kind of book for which context is key. So Marcus Aurelius wrote this while on campaign against Germanic tribes, under the constant threat of death. This campaign was an on again, off again thing that lasted over a decade so you can imagine the pressure he was under. Before becoming emperor, he was trained for rule longer than any emperor in history and was particularly keen on Stoicism (which taught that submission to the law of the universe was how human beings should live, and emphasized duty, avoidance of pleasure, reason, and fearlessness of death). Easier said than done.Bearing all this in mind, I came back to the book and realized that he was just talking to himself all along. He was dealing with the threat of death, other peoples opinions on how he should behave or rule, the dilemma of how to act towards those he did not like but was bound by duty to protect.What this book showed me time and time again was imperfection. Marcus was imperfect and needed to wrestle with feelings of inadequacy on paper. He told himself to be resolute, loyal to his principles, sincere, liberal, patient, moderate, calm. He could have just remained in Rome. The empire had not engaged in war in over two generations and most of the people were hesitant even to enlist, let alone fight. Marcus Aurelius was not really a skilled strategist or fighter, but he thought that he owed the Roman army his presence in the heat of battle, since they were the ones sacrificing everything. I'll definitely be revisiting this book again. This is a good read for people who need encouragement in reaching their goals or overcoming fear. I tip my hat to the Emperor since I'm rarely confronted with the need to change how I view myself as a reader. Lesson in humility :)P.S: If you have time, I really recommend listening to the audiobook version recorded by Duncan Steen. He is able to convey so many emotions to this book, that I would have otherwise overlooked.

  • Jason Pettus
    2019-06-13 17:26

    (Reprinted from the Chicago Center for Literature and Photography []. I am the original author of this essay, as well as the owner of CCLaP; it is not being reprinted illegally.)The CCLaP 100: In which I read for the first time a hundred so-called literary "classics," then write reports on whether or not they deserve the labelEssay #67: Meditations (160-180 AD), by Marcus AureliusThe story in a nutshell:Written essentially as a private journal from around 160 to 180 AD, by one of the better leaders in the history of the Roman Empire, Marcus Aurelius' Meditations (a title given to this manuscript almost randomly, in that Marcus never meant for it to be published) can be thought of along the lines of any great military strategist's memoirs, a combination of practical information, an explanation of their larger philosophy about life (Stoicism in Marcus' case), and official acknowledgement of all the mentors of their youth they owe their success to. A working soldier-emperor who was handpicked by the previous Caesar when he was just a child, the upper-class Marcus was subsequently put through the finest education that was humanly possible on the planet at that time, which is what makes his otherwise workaday journal so historically important; for by studying under the finest minds of his age, his surviving notes give us a rare look at what it was like to be a student of these masters, and what kinds of practical knowledge was actually being culled by these students when it came time for them to start their day jobs. Not really "literature" per se, nor even in any kind of coherent order, this should be read much more like one of those punchy advice books from famous corporate CEOs, full of bullet-point Twitter-like messages that can be quickly scanned and absorbed.The argument for it being a classic:As with most books this old, the main argument for this being a classic is its massive historical importance, a hugely informing snapshot of its times that is even more valuable for being private and therefore more candid. Plus, historians generally agree that this is perhaps the third or fourth most important book about Stoicism to survive those years; certainly not groundbreaking in its own right, but definitely an easy-to-follow primer on the subject (think "The Ancient Roman Idiot's Guide To…"), a philosophy which for those who don't know advocates a type of "living as one with nature" that is translated here as meaning a clean and minimalist lifestyle, one that largely avoids empty pleasures for the crippling vices they are. (After all, as Marcus reminds us, the only way your enemies can hurt you is by you yourself deliberately cultivating a weakness they can exploit; if you instead lead a virtuous life devoid of physical addictions and moral compromises, there's no way for these people to attack you for being weak or hypocritical.) And so by doing so, Marcus almost accidentally established a long and proud tradition of Stoicism among the military, the third main argument for why this is a classic, a "body is a temple" mindset that is still the main guiding force behind even such 21st-century military commanders as David Petraeus.The argument against:There seems to be two main arguments for why this should not be considered a classic, starting with the most obvious; that much like many of the books from this period being reviewed for this essay series, its age and outdated writing style simply makes it an awkward choice for everyday reading by a general audience, certainly historically important but with information that can now be found in modern books in a much more nuanced and contemporary way. And then there's the people who are simply in disagreement with the fundamentals of Stoicism itself, a sort of "philosophy for Republicans" that encourages a simplistic, joyless, black-and-white interpretation of the world, and which while not necessarily harsh unto itself is absolutely practiced in a harsh way by its most famous and vocal fans; for example, famed modern moral relativist Bertrand Russell thought that Stoicism was a big pile of hogwash, a "sour grapes" view of the world that argues that none of us will ever be happy, so we should pretend instead that "acting good" is just as important.My verdict:So setting aside the argument that a book should automatically be disqualified from being a classic simply because one doesn't personally agree with its philosophy (an argument I find inherently invalid no matter what the situation), otherwise I have to admit that I mostly side with Marcus' critics today; for while I found it interesting to flip through this light tome, or at least as interesting as one of those aforementioned bullet-point advice books from famous corporate executives, I also got tired of this manuscript rather quickly, and didn't really get much out of reading the original text that I didn't already get merely from its Wikipedia entry. (And also, I have to agree with several of the angry sentiments I found at Goodreads while researching this essay; that even though there are over 200 meditations here, it seems that Marcus really had no more than a dozen or so original thoughts, the rest of these text blasts essentially repeats of the same information over and over again.)In fact, now that I have recently reached the two-thirds point of finally being done with this CCLaP 100 series (four and a half years down! only two years to go!), I find myself once again reflecting on what the biggest surprises have been since starting these essays back in 2008; and certainly one of the most unexpected surprises of all is just how thoroughly and cleanly the entire idea of "literature" (and by this I mean "storytelling via book-length written tale") was single-handedly invented during the rise of Romanticism in the late 1700s, and how before this moment there were largely no book-length written stories at all (with a few exceptions, of course), most storytelling instead taking place via plays and formal poetry. I've always known that when these pre-1700s citizens wanted to "sit down with a good book," it was generally nonfiction they were picking up; but it wasn't until I started reading a fair sampling of this pre-1700s "literature" that I started profoundly realizing how little this work conforms to the modern definition of the word, and that the very concept never even existed until well after the Renaissance. Although it's been a valuable learning experience, it can be safely said that when it eventually comes time in another few years to compile the reading list for the "CCLaP 200," I will most likely be starting with 1719's Robinson Crusoe and exclusively making my way forward in time from there.Is it a classic? No(And don't forget that the first 33 essays in this series are now available in book form!)